If the cause of sciatica isn’t clear, effective treatment may be difficult.
Sciatica (also known as lumbar radioculopathy) is a condition that causes pain, weakness, or tingling to the lower back, legs, and feet. Sciatica affects people between the ages 30 and 50. About 80% to 90% of those with sciatica are able to recover without the need for surgery.
The spinal column protects and encases the spinal cord as it travels from the brain to other parts of the body. Nerve roots, which are large nerves that branch out from the spinal cord and exit the spine to travel out to other parts of our bodies, are called nerve branches. The sciatic nerves run from the lumbar spine to the back of your legs. They are the longest and thickest nerves in your body.
A subluxation, a misalignment in the vertebrae that can cause sciatica, is a possible cause. Other contributing factors include general wear and tear and piriformis syndrome. Building or herniated disks collapsed vertebrae and bone spurs. Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal. These factors decrease the space surrounding a nerve root in your lower back. This can cause low back pain and leg cramps.
Sciatica symptoms include weakness, pain, numbness, or tingling in the lower back, buttocks, and posterior things, as well as tingling in your legs and feet. Sciatica symptoms are often only experienced on one side. The symptoms may appear gradually and may include a mild, general feeling of discomfort when you, walk or stand up from a seated, or lying position. It can become a shooting pain or numbness if it is not treated.